We tested the data using anovas with role providing vs receiving feedback and valence positive vs negative feedback as between subjects variables there were three dependent variables managers rsquo ratings of feedback accuracy of provider qualifications and of internal vs external causal attributions ability effort vs task luck.

Low back pain covers a spectrum of different types of pain eg nociceptive neuropathic and nociplastic or non specific that frequently overlap the elements comprising the lumbar spine eg soft tissue vertebrae zygapophyseal and sacroiliac joints intervertebral discs and neurovascular structures are prone to different stressors and each of these alone or in combination can.